There are up to five forms for each verb: root, third person singular, present participle, past participle, and past participle. The root form of a verb is used to create other forms of the verb when it is conjugated. This still applies to regular verbs, but cannot apply to irregular verbs based on tense. The following examples illustrate this concept. The main verbs (with the exception of the verb “to be”) have 3, 4 or 5 forms. The verb “to be” has 8 forms. In the following table, column # shows the actual number of shapes for the specified verb. The root form of a verb is the basic form of the word. The roots have not been conjugated and do not contain prefixes or suffixes. Note that in dictionaries, the keyword for a particular verb entry is always in the base form. The participle of the past can be difficult to determine for some irregular verbs. It is best to look for them in a dictionary if you are not at all sure what the participle is in the past. Here are some examples of irregular verbs: The conjugation of the third person singular (he/she/she) is the verb form that tends to be different from other conjugations.

For regular verbs, this verb form ends with -s (or sometimes -es). Consider the following examples: He sees English verbs coming in different forms. For example, the verb can be singing: sing, sing, sing, sing or sing. This is a total of 5 forms. Not much, given that some languages (e.B. French) have more than 30 forms for a single verb. English times can be quite complicated, but the shapes we use to make the times are actually very simple! With the exception of the verb be, the main English verbs have only 3, 4 or 5 forms. Be has 8 forms. Help verbs have even fewer forms, as most of them never change. We use modal auxiliary verbs to change the “mood” of the main verb. As you can see, modal verbs have only one form at a time.

They never change. You don`t learn the current holiday and the 3rd person singular present simply for regular or irregular verbs for another very simple reason – they never change. The present partizip is always done by adding “-ing” to the base, and the present in the 3rd person singular is always done by adding “s” to the base (although there are some variations in the spelling). At school, students often memorize the basic, past and past partizip (sometimes called V1, V2, V3, which means verb 1, verb 2, verb 3) for irregular verbs. You can spend many hours singing: singing, singing, singing; Go, go, go, go; have, have had, have; etc. You don`t learn them for regular verbs for a very simple reason – the past tense and past participle are always the same: they are formed by adding “-ed” to the base. The form of the current partizip verb is created by appending -ing to the root word. It is used in the progressive verb past, present and future time. Look at the following examples: We use auxiliary verbs with main verbs. The tables on this page show the shapes of all help verbs.

In this lesson, we will look at the forms of the main verbs and auxiliary verbs, followed by a quiz to test your understanding. We use these forms to create all times and other verbal structures in all moods, aspects and voices. We use primary auxiliary verbs to change the tense or voice of the main verb and ask questions and negatives. There are only three main help verbs: to do, to have, to be. These verbs can also serve as main verbs. If we use them as help verbs, here are the forms we use: The participle verb form of the past and past tense for regular verbs is the root word + -ed. It is only used with the past. Consider the following examples: Note that “to have,” “to do,” and “to be” also act as auxiliary or auxiliary verbs with exactly the same forms.

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